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North Carolina

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th-most extensive and the 9th-most populous of the U.S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties. The capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States (Research Triangle Park). The most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the second-largest banking center in the United States after New York City. The state has a wide range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 6,684 feet (2,037 m) at Mount Mitchell, the highest point in North America east of the Mississippi River. The climate of the coastal plains is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. More than 300 miles (500 km) from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a subtropical highland climate. North Carolina consists of three main geographic regions: the Atlantic coastal plain, occupying the eastern portion of the state; the central Piedmont region, and the Mountain region in the west, which is part of the Appalachian Mountains. The coastal plain consists of more specifically-defined areas known as the Outer Banks, a string of sandy, narrow barrier islands separated from the mainland by sounds or inlets, including Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound, the tidewater region, the native home of the venus flytrap, and the inner coastal plain, where longleaf pine trees are native. The coastal plain transitions to the Piedmont region along the Atlantic Seaboard fall line, the elevation at which waterfalls first appear on streams and rivers.

  •   State: 
    North Carolina
    33° 50′ N to 36° 35′ N | 75° 28′ W to 84° 19′ W
      Area total: 
    53,819 sq mi (139,390 km²) [34,443,955.200 acres]
      Area land: 
    48,711 sq mi (126,161 km²) [31,116,416.000 acres]
      Area water: 
    9.5% = 1,972 sq mi (5,108 km²) [3,327,539.200 acres]
    6,684 ft (2,037 m) Mount Mitchell
    November 21, 1789 (12nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • North Carolina, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    219.64/sq mi (84.80/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $730,072 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 2.87% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 2.84% from 2021.  11.0% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  67,951. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  6.7%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $68,243 respectively per capita 2023 = $71,297.
      Housing units: 
    4,892,662 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 3.9% increase compared to 2020, specifically 183,947 more housing units.

As shown in the given North Carolina location map that North Carolina is located in the south-eastern region of the United States. North Carolina map also shows that the state shares its boundary with Virginia in the north, Tennessee in the west, Georgia in the south-west, and South Carolina in the south. Besides, Atlantic Ocean lies in the east of the state.

The capital city of state is Raleigh; however, the largest city is Charlotte. The climate type of state is largely humid sub-tropical type.

The important economic sectors of the state are agriculture, financial services, and manufacturing. Important agricultural produce are tobacco, hogs, milk, nursery stock, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cattle, and poultry and eggs. And, the important industries are textiles, chemicals, electrical equipment, paper and pulp and paper products.

Drive the Blue Ridge Parkway in the fall, stopping off to take photos and enjoy a picnic lunch with the kids. For a very "Sound of Music" moment, head to Craggy Gardens Trail. You can pick up the parkway in Asheville, North Carolina.

The US State North Carolina occupies 125,918 m², about 1,38 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State North Carolina with 10,273,419 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 27,63 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 4,391,653 fewer people. The capital Raleigh alone has 485,679 inhabitants.

Like Jefferson City, Raleigh (designated the capital in 1792) was also planned and built to be the capital city. Charlotte has approximately 842,051 residents.

The Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the state's most populous region, containing the six largest cities in the state by population. It consists of gently rolling countryside frequently broken by hills or low mountain ridges. Small, isolated, and deeply eroded mountain ranges and peaks are located in the Piedmont, including the Sauratown Mountains, Pilot Mountain, the Uwharrie Mountains, Crowder's Mountain, King's Pinnacle, the Brushy Mountains, and the South Mountains. The Piedmont ranges from about 300 feet (91 m) in elevation in the east to about 1,500 feet (460 m) in the west. The western section of the state is part of the Appalachian Mountain range. Among the subranges of the Appalachians located in the state are the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, and Black Mountains. The Black Mountains are the highest in the eastern United States, and culminate in Mount Mitchell at 6,684 feet (2,037 m), the highest point east of the Mississippi River. North Carolina has 17 major river basins. The five basins west of the Blue Ridge Mountains flow to the Gulf of Mexico, while the remainder flow to the Atlantic Ocean. Of the 17 basins, 11 originate within the state of North Carolina, but only four are contained entirely within the state's border – the Cape Fear, the Neuse, the White Oak, and the Tar–Pamlico basin. Elevation above sea level is most responsible for temperature change across the state, with the mountain area being coolest year-round. The climate is also influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream, especially in the coastal plain. These influences tend to cause warmer winter temperatures along the coast, where temperatures only occasionally drop below the freezing point at night. The coastal plain averages around 1 inch (2.5 cm) of snow or ice annually, and in many years, there may be no snow or ice at all.

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in North Carolina, NC about 1,383,626 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 13.5% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in North Carolina are about 1,498,493 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $61,997 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $61,459, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $62,535 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in North Carolina = 59.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 74. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 84. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in North Carolina = 4.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in North Carolina = 48.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 5.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 213. 88.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 29.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 36, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 10,698,973 individuals with a median age of 36.9 age the population grows by 15.55% in North Carolina population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 219.64/sq mi (84.80/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.46 people per household in the 3,660,988 households with an average household income of $52,752 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.70% of the available work force and has dropped -5.12% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.06%. The number of physicians in North Carolina per 100,000 population = 200.5.

The percentage of housing units in North Carolina which are owned by the occupant = 61.43%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 24 years with median home cost = $144,040 and home appreciation of -3.67%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.63 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $4,725 per student. There are 14.5 students for each teacher in the school, 512 students for each Librarian and 402 students for each Counselor. 6.86% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.02% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.45% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • North Carolina's population of 1,071,361 residents in 1870 has increased 5,51-fold to 10,439,388 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 51.05% female residents and 48.95% male residents live in North Carolina, USA.

    As of 2020, 60.15% in North Carolina are married and the remaining 39.85% are single population.

  • 25.9 minutes is the average time that residents in North Carolina require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.18% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.68% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.85% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.79% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in North Carolina, 61.43% are owner-occupied homes, another 12.37% are rented apartments, and the remaining 26.20% are vacant.

  • 44.14% of the population in North Carolina who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 49.380%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 49.700%) of those eligible to vote in North Carolina.

North Carolina is known under different nicknames; aka First in Flight, or First in Freedom, or Old North State, or Tar Heel State, or Turpentine State, or Variety Vacationland and detailed official information about North Carolina can be found on the homepage at

Skyline of North Carolina

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Landscape of North Carolina