- State:FloridaCounty:Hillsborough CountyCity:TampaCounty FIPS:12057Coordinates:27°56′51″N 82°27′31WArea total:175.83 sq miArea land:114.02 sq miArea water:61.82 sq miElevation:48 ftEstablished:1823
- Latitude:27,8555Longitude:-82,4827Dman name cbsa:Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FLTimezone:Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00ZIP codes:33601,33602,33603,33604,33605,33606,33607,33608,33609,33610,33611,33612,33613,33614,33615,33616,33617,33618,33619,33620,33621,33622,33623,33624,33625,33626,33629,33630,33634,33635,33637,33646,33647,33672,33674,33675,33677,33679,33680,33681,33682,33684,33685,33686,33687,33688,33689,33694GMAP:
Tampa, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States
- Population:4,401Population density:3,376.36 persons per square mileUnemployment rate:11.80%
Tampa (US: ) is a city on the Gulf Coast of the U.S. state of Florida. The city's borders include the north shore of Tampa Bay and the east shore of Old Tampa Bay. With a population of 384,959 according to the 2020 census, Tampa is the third-most populated city in Florida after Jacksonville and Miami. Tampa was formally reincorporated as a city in 1887, following the Civil War. Tampa's economy is driven by tourism, health care, finance, insurance, technology, construction, and the maritime industry. The bay's port is the largest in the state, responsible for over $15 billion in economic impact. Tampa is part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area which is a four-county area composed of roughly 3.1 million residents. People from Tampa are generally known as "ampans", or "Tampeños", or more commonly "Tampanians" (or Tampeñas) The city is home to the Tampa International Airport, the world's second-busiest airport, with a capacity of more than 1.5 million people. The airport is the second-largest airport in the United States, after New York City, and is located in the nation's most populous state. The Tampa International airport is one of the busiest airports in the world, with more than 100,000 flights a day. It is also the busiest airport in Florida, with an average passenger traffic of 1.2 million people per day.
"Tampa" means "close to" or "nearby" in the Creek language. The name may have come from the Calusa language or possibly, the Timucua language. Tampa Bay was labeled Bahía de Espíritu Santo (Bay of the Holy Spirit) in the earliest Spanish maps of Florida, but became known as B. Tampa (Bahía Tampa or Tampa Bay) as early as 1576. A mix of Cuban, Italian, and Spanish immigrants began arriving in the late 1800s to found and work in the new communities of Ybor City and West Tampa. By about 1900, these newcomers came to be known as "Tampeños" (or " Tampeñas" for females), a term that is still sometimes used to refer to their descendants living in the area, and potentially, to all residents of Tampa regardless of their ethnic background. When the pioneer community living near the US Army outpost of Fort Brooke was incorporated in 1849, it was called "Tampa Town" and the name was shortened to simply "T Tampa" in 1855. The earliest instance of the name "tampa" appears in the memoirs of Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda, who spent 17 years as a captive of theCalusa and traveled through much of peninsular Florida. He described Tanpa as an important Calusa town to the north of thecalusa domain, possibly under another chief. Archaeologist Jerald Milanich places the town of Tanpa at the mouth of Charlotte Harbor.
The shores of Tampa Bay have been inhabited for thousands of years. A variant of the Weeden Island culture developed in the area by about 2000 years ago. At the time of European contact in the early 16th century, several chiefdoms of the Safety Harbor culture dominated the area. Early Spanish explorers interacted most extensively with the Tocobaga, whose principal town was at the northern end of Old Tampa Bay near today's Safety Harbor in Pinellas County. The indigenous cultures of the Tampa Bay area had collapsed by around 1600, leaving the west coast of Spanish Florida largely depopulated and ignored for more than 200 years. During the Civil War, Florida seceded along with most of the southern states to form the Confederate States of America, and Fort Brooke was defended by Confederate troops. Tampa's city government ceased to operate for the duration of the war. During Reconstruction, Tampa remained a poor, isolated fishing village with little industry and little industry. Yellow fever borne by mosquitoes broke out in the nearby swamps and swamps, and the town was left "desdesperate" after two days. In April 1865, a Confederate troops arrived in Tampa to occupy the fort. They confiscated the remaining supplies and tossed them into the Hillsborough River, then left the "olate" town. They remained there until August 1869, when the post-war period of Reconstruction ended. The town of Tampa was officially incorporated as the "Village of Tampa" on January 18, 1849. It was home to 185 civilians, or 974 total residents including military personnel, in 1850. Tampa was reincorporated as a town in 1855.
Tampa is bordered by two bodies of water, Old Tampa Bay and Hillsborough Bay, which flow together to form Tampa Bay. The highest point in the city is only 48 ft (15 m) above sea level. The Tampa Bay area has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), although due to its location on the Florida peninsula on Tampa Bay, it shows some characteristics of a tropical climate. Tampa's climate generally features hot and humid summers with frequent thunderstorms and dry and mild winters. Tampa and nearby areas of Central Florida are recognized as the "Lightning Capital of North America" The official temperature has never hit 100 °F (37.8 °C) the all-time record, which was set on June 5, 1985, and tied on June 26, 2020. The city of Tampa is split between two USDA climate zones. According to the 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, Tampa is listed as USDA zone 9b north of Kennedy Boulevard away from the bay and 10a near the shorelines and in the interbay peninsula south of Kennedy Blvd. The area has been and continues to be severely affected by a plant disease called Texas phoenix palm decline, which has caused a considerable amount of damage to various local palm tree landscapes and threatens the native palm tree species in the region. Because of tremendous population growth and coastal development in the century since the last hurricane landfall combined with rising sea levels due to climate change, the Tampa Bay Area is considered one of the most vulnerable regions in the world to a direct hit.
Tampa displays a wide variety of architectural designs and styles. Most of Tampa's high rises demonstrate post-modern architecture. The tallest building in the city is 100 North Tampa, formerly the AmSouth Building, which rises 42 floors and 579 ft (176 m) in Downtown Tampa. Ybor City District is home to several buildings on the National Register of Historic Places and has been declared a National Historic Landmark. Notable structures include El Centro Español de Tampa, Centro Asturiano de Tampa and other social clubs built in the early 1900s. Bayshore Boulevard has a 6 mi (10 km) continuous sidewalk on the eastern end, the longest in the world. The Sunshine Bridge is the last remaining remaining skateparks built during the "Golden Era" of skateboarding in Tampa during the 1970s and 1980s. The city is divided into many neighborhoods, many of which were towns and unincorporated communities annexed by the growing city. Tampa is the site of several skyscrapers. Overall, there are 30 completed buildings that rise over 250 ft (76 m) high. Tampa also has 147 high-rises, second only to Miami in the state of Florida. The Tampa Bay History Center, the Glazer Children's Museum, and the Tampa Museum of Art are among the new museums that have opened in the last few years. The Story of Tampa, a public painting by Lynn Ash, is a 4 ft × 8 ft (1.2 m × 2.4 m) oil on masonite mural that weaves together many of the notable aspects of Tampa. It was commissioned in 2003 by the city's Public Art Program.
As of 2000, the largest European ancestries in the city were German (9.2%), Irish (8.4%), English (7.7%), Italian (5.6%), and French (2.4%). As of 2010, there were 157,130 households, out of which 13.5% were vacant. In 2000, 27.6% households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were non-families. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.07. In 2006, the median income for a household in the City was $39,602, and the median Income for a family was $45,823. In 2010, the city's population was spread out, with 24.6%. under the Age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 20.5%. from 45 to 64, and 12.5. who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.7 years old. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.1 males. The per capita income for the city was $26,522. 20.1%. of the population and 16.4%. of families were below the poverty line. 31.0%. of those under 18 and 13.6. of those 65 and older were living below the income level.
Communities of faith have organized in Tampa from 1846, when a Methodist congregation established the city's first church. Tampa is 50th out of the largest 51 metropolitan area in the percentage of the populace that attends religious services of any kind, with less than 35% of the population regularly attending services. The Church of Scientology, based in nearby Clearwater, maintains a location for its members in Tampa. Around the city are a handful of mosques for followers of Islam, as well as a Tibetan-style Buddhist temple, a Thai Buddhist Wat, and local worship centers for the Sikh, Hindu and Baháí Faiths. There is also at least one congregation of Messianic Jews in Tampa, and several Jewish synagogues practicing Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. In addition, there is a small Zoroastrian community present in Tampa and several Unitarian Universalist congregations around the city. The city is home to the U.S. National Museum of Natural History, which is on the National Register of Historic Places. It is also the home of the Florida Museum of History and Science, which was founded in 1854. The museum is on Florida's Sunshine State Register of Historical Sites, which dates back to the 17th century. It was the first museum in the state to be opened in 1859, and the first in the United States to be completed in 1881. The U.N. Museum ofNatural History is located in the Florida State Museum, which opened in 1861.
Hillsborough County alone has an estimated 740,000 employees, a figure which is projected to increase to 922,000 by 2015. Port Tampa Bay is now the seventh largest in the nation and Florida's largest tonnage port, handling nearly half of all seaborne commerce that passes through the state. Tampa ranks second in the state behind Miami in terms of cruise ship travel. As of 2010, Tampa residents faced a decline in rent of 2%. Nationally rent had decreased 4%. The Tampa Business Journal found Tampa to be the number two city for real estate investment in 2014. MacDill Air Force Base remains a major employer as the parent installation for over 15,000 active uniformed military, Department of Defense (DoD) civil service and DoD contractor personnel in the Tampa Bay area. The main server farm for Wikipedia and other Wikimedia Foundation projects is in Tampa. Several Fortune 1000 companies are headquartered in the metropolitan area, including Bloomin' Brands, WellCare, Jabil, TECO Energy, and Raymond James Financial. Other companies headquartered in Tampa include Greenway Health, College Hunks Hauling Junk, Arturo Fuente, J.C. Newman Cigar Company, Masonite International, Sykes Enterprises, Cott Corporation, The Melting Pot, Checkers and Rally's and The Mosaic Company. In 2021, the US Department of Labor awarded a two-year grant of nearly US$3 million to a program called "Connecting Talent to Careers" led by the Advanced Robotics for Manufacturing Institute.
Arts and culture
Tampa is home to several death metal bands, an extreme form of heavy metal music that evolved from thrash metal in the mid-late 1980s. Tampa has a diverse culinary scene from small cafes and bakeries to bistros and farm-to-table restaurants. Tampa is the birthplace of the Florida version of the deviled crab and the Cuban sandwich, which has been officially designated as the "signature sandwich of the city of Tampa" The city operates over 165 beaches covering over 165 acres (2,286 km) and 42 more parks within the city limits. The Tampa Zoo at Lowry Park features over 2,000 animals, interactive rides, and educational exhibits. The Children's Museum of Tampa opened in 1986 and has since grown into a Larger location in Downtown Tampa next to the Tampa Museum of Art and Curtis Hixon Park. The city is also home to a number of theme parks, including Busch Bay, Adventure Island, Busch Gardens, and the Aquarium at Tampa Bay, which features interactive exhibits, animals, rides and a water slide. The area has become a "de facto" headquarters of professional wrestling, with many pros living in the area. Several restaurant chains were founded or headquartered in Tampa, including Outback Steakhouse, Melting Pot, Carrabba's, Fleming's Prime Bar & Grill, Columbia Restaurant Restaurant Rally's, Taco and PDQ. It is also the home of the world's largest food truck rally, which is held in Tarpon Springs.
Tampa is home to the NFL's Tampa Bay Buccaneers and the NHL's TampaBay Lightning. The Rays of the MLB play across the bay in St. Petersburg. The University of South Florida Bulls compete in 17 sports in NCAA Division I and the University of Tampa Spartans compete in 20 sports in Division II. Tampa Bay's current professional teams have won eight combined championships in their respective leagues. The Tampa Bay area has long been home to nationally competitive amateur baseball and has hosted spring training and minor league teams for over a century. The New York Yankees conduct spring training in Tampa, and their Low-A affiliate Tampa Tarpons play there in the summer. Tampa became the first city in Florida to host a major league team in 1913, when the Chicago Cubs trained at Plant Field. After a decade of futility on the field, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays won the American League World Series in 2008 and promptly won the 2008 American League Championship Game. They also won American League East titles in 2010 and 2010 under manager Joe Maddon before slipping back in the standings under the Rays in 2011. The Lightning beat the Dallas Stars in the 2020 Stanley Cup Finals, the Rays lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers in the2020 World Series, the Rowdies and Phoenix Rising FC were named co-league champions after the USL Championship game was canceled due to COVID-19, the Buccaneers beat the Kansas City Chiefs in the Super Bowl, and the Lighting beat the Montreal Canadiens in the 2021 Stanley Cup finals. The Buccaneers are the first NFL team to ever win a Super Bowl at their home stadium. The Tornadoes were founded in 2020 and describe themselves as the successors to the defunct Tampa Bay Storm.
Tampa's population in Hillsborough County, Florida of 1,143 residents in 1900 has increased 3,85-fold to 4,401 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.